home r37 r38 r0 r1 r2 For other people named Thomas Turner, see Thomas Turner (disambiguation). Turner's house in East Hoathly

Thomas Turner (9 June 1729 - 6 February 1793) was a shopkeeper in East Hoathly, Sussex, England. He is now most widely known for his diary.

Contents 1 Early life 2 The Diary, 1754–1765 2.1 Diary manuscript and publication history 3 Later life 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

Early life

Turner was born at Groombridge in the parish of Speldhurst, Kent. In 1735 Turner's father took a shop in Framfield, Sussex. Little is known about Turner's schooling, but his clear handwriting, practical mathematical abilities and wide intellectual interests suggest a reasonable level of education. By the age of 21, in 1750, he had taken his shop in East Hoathly.

Turner married his first wife, Margaret ('Peggy') Slater (1733–1761) on 15 October 1753. They had one child together, Peter, who was born on 19 August 1754. On 16 January 1755 Turner wrote that "This morning about 1 o'clock I had the misfortune to lose my little boy Peter, aged 21 weeks, 3 days." The Diary, 1754–1765

Turner kept a diary for eleven years of his life, the first surviving entry of which is 21 February 1754. The diary served a number of purposes, including as an accounting book, a record of legal and property dealings, a place for religious reflection and as a means of describing Turner's everyday life. The failure of his marriage to live up to Turner's expectations is a frequent cause of low mood.

Turner was an important figure in the community of East Hoathly. As well as keeping a shop, he served as an undertaker, schoolmaster, surveyor and overseer of the poor. He helped people write wills, manage accounts and collect taxes. He was a regular participant at vestry meetings and an occasional visitor to the Duke of Newcastle's Halland House.

Aside from socialising and playing cricket, Turner was a keen reader. As well as religious texts, he read works by William Shakespeare, John Locke, Joseph Addison and Samuel Richardson, among many others. Aside from consuming medical treatises, newspapers, periodicals and jestbooks, his interests included farriery, politics and travel. Turner sometimes read alone, but frequently read books aloud with his wife or his friends. Diary manuscript and publication history

The diary has never been published in full. David Vaisey's edition retains about one third of its content. The edition also includes a family tree, short biographies of the diary's major characters and a list of all the reading material mentioned by Turner. The periodical Sussex Archaeological Collections printed some excerpts from the diary in 1859: the text is now in the public domain, and can be read online. The surviving 111-volume manuscript is held in the Sterling Memorial Library at Yale University.

Vaisey's edition of the diary also cites several documents in the East Sussex Record Office, such as account books and bastardy bonds, which were entirely written by Turner. Later life Thomas Turner Drive in East Hoathly

Turner ended his diary a few weeks after his second marriage, to Mary Hicks (1735–1807), on 19 June 1765. The final entry, on 31 July, states that 'I begin once more to be a little settled and am happy in my choice.'

In the years after his second marriage, Turner was able to live comfortably. He bought his shop, and also purchased both land and East Hoathly's main public house. He fathered seven children - one girl and six boys. Only three of the children lived to be older than twenty.

Turner died on 6 February 1793 and was buried in East Hoathly churchyard on 11 February. His gravestone is on the right hand side of the church near the Clements Room, just in front of the table tomb of Philip Turner his son, and Philip's family. There is also a gravestone for Peter and Frederick, sons of Thomas and Mary Turner at the same place. A commemorative plaque marks his house.

Dashavatar (film) and Thomas Turner (diarist)

Dashavatar is a 2008 animated film based on the ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu.

The film is produced by Vimal Shah under the banner of Phoebus Media. It is directed by Bhavik Thakore. Music is by Anand Kurhekar with lyrics by Sandeep Khare. The movie centers on the ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu as seen by two children. Dashavatar was released in cinemas in India on 13 June 2008.

Contents 1 Plot 2 Cast 2.1 Playback singers 3 See also 4 References 5 External links


The concept of Dashavatara (Ten Avatars) has religious significance. Evil has been present during the evolution of mankind and the Dashavatar have been constantly present to triumph over evil. The most famous incarnations of Vishnu are Rama, whose life is depicted in the Ramayana, and Krishna, whose is depicted in the Mahabharata and the Bhagavad Gita. The four great era or epochs in Hinduism are Satya Yug, Treta Yug, Dwapar Yug and Kali Yug. Satya Yug, the Age of Truth, will last four thousand years, Treta Yug for three thousand, Dwapara Yug for two thousand and Kali Yug will last for one thousand divine years. It is believed that three of these ages have passed, and we are now in the fourth. The four ages are said to symbolize the four phases of human evolution during which man gradually lost the awareness of his inner self. Another theory explains these epochs of time on the basis of the degree of loss of righteousness in the world. It says, during Satya Yug only truth prevailed (Sanskrit Satya = truth), Treta lost ¼ truth, Dwapar lost ½ truth and Kali is left with only ¼ truth. Evil and dishonesty has replaced truth in the last three ages or yugs.

This verse from the Indian epic, The Bhagavad Gita, embodies the soul of Dashavatar. Lord Vishnu, the Preserver of life, manifests Himself in many forms through the eras to wipe out evil and establish the rule of righteousness.

Dashavatar weaves together the fascinating stories of Rama, Krishna, Parshurama, Vamana, Narsimha, (sundari one who is in focus at the time of samudramanthan and help to god in getting amrit)...and the tales of Vishnu in earlier avatars – Matsya, Kurma,Varaha and Haygriva...and  — Kalki Avatar! Dashavatar is an odyssey through time, showing the values of the old world matching the sensibilities of the modern one...

The nine avatars are Matsya (fish), Kurma (tortoise), Varaha (boar), Narasimha (half-man, half-lion), Vamana (dwarf man), Parshurama (man with axe), Rama (moral man), Krishna (philosophical man) and Buddha (monk). The tenth avatar, Kalki is yet to manifest. Matsya, The Fish, appeared in the Satya Yuga. Kurma, The Tortoise, appeared in the Satya Yuga. Varaha, The Boar, appeared in the Satya Yuga. Narasimha, The Man-Lion (nara = man, simha = lion), appeared in the Satya Yuga. Vamana, The Dwarf, appeared in the Treta Yuga. Parashurama, The Warrior with an axe, appeared in Treta Yug. Rama, Prince and king of Ayodhya and the Moral Man, appeared in the Treta Yuga. Krishna, The Cowherd and Philosophical Man, appeared in the Dwapara Yuga. Bhuddha,The Monk who attained eternity,who was once a Prince named Siddarth,appeared in the Dwapara Yuga. Kalki, the Sagprince ("Eternity", or "time", or "The Destroyer of foulness"), who is expected to appear at the end of Kali Yuga, the period in which we exist, which will end in the year 428899 CE. Cast Sachin Khedekar — Lord Vishnu Shreyas Talpade — Narad Roopali Ganguly — Apsara Vinay Apte — Kansa Shishir Sharma — Bali Raja Ashish Vidyarthi — Hiranakshyapu Kenneth Desai — Lord Indra Vatsala Sharma   - Aarti Playback singers Shankar Mahadevan Shaan KK Kunal Ganjawalla Rattan Mohan Sharma Sanjeev Abhyankar Shreya Ghoshal Ketaki Mategaonkar Rahul Deo Ragini - Adabatla Ketaki Mategaonkar See also List of animated feature films Phoebus Media (an Indian company which has released a number of animated features)